Related Initiatives

1. Humanitarian assessment, monitoring and evaluation

Food Security Analysis Unit - Somalia
The Food Security Analysis Unit- Somalia (FSAU) seeks to provide evidence-based analysis of Somali food, nutrition and livelihood security to enable both short-term emergency responses and long-term strategic planning to promote food and livelihood security for Somali people.

Household Livelihood Security, Food Resources, Design, Monitoring and Evaluation, and Partnership
The website makes available documents on conceptual approaches, tools and methods, case studies and lessons learned in the areas of Household Livelihood Security, Food Resources, Design, Monitoring and Evaluation, and Partnership. It contains related documents on the rights-based approach (RBA), civil society, and the environment.

For people interested in Design, Monitoring and Evaluation, an additional DME site is available at: The site will link you to other DME resources, as well as back to the PHLS website.

Monitoring and Evaluation Methods
This site includes a number of protocols, manuals and links supporting monitoring and evaluation methods for food aid and nutrition program evaluation and population needs assessments

Food Aid and Management monitoring and evaluation group 
This site is provided by the Food Aid Management monitoring and evaluation working group. The site contains reviews, manuals, protocols, discussion sites, bibliographies, etc. related to food aid monitoring and evaluation.

Refugee Nutrition Information System
The Refugee Nutrition Information System collects summarized nutrition and mortality data from implementing agencies around the world. These data are collated, analyzed and reported on through a routine bulletin.

Information is obtained from a wide range of collaborating agencies, both UN and NGO (see list of sources for each RNIS). The overall picture gives context and information which separate reports cannot provide by themselves. The information available is mainly about nutrition, health, and survival in refugee and displaced populations. It is organised by "situation" because problems often cross national boundaries. We aim to cover internally displaced populations as well as refugees. Partly this is because the system is aimed at the most nutritionally vulnerable people in the world -- those forced to migrate -- and the problems of those displaced may be similar whether or not they cross national boundaries. Definitions used are given in the 'Indicators' section of each RNIS. At the end of most of the situation descriptions, there is a section entitled "Recommendations and Priorities," which is intended to highlight the most pressing humanitarian needs.  The recommendations are often put forward by agencies or individuals directly involved in assessments or humanitarian response programmes in the specific areas. The source or sources for each piece of information are given in brackets at the end of each paragraph.

Enhancing the Quality of Humanitarian Assistance: Taking Stock and Future Initiatives

This paper is an overview of the most important initiatives to increase the quality of humanitarian assistance. The introduction of the logical framework and the increasing body of knowledge made available through guidelines have improved project management by measuring process and outcomes.

This site offer opportunities to share detailed knowledge about nutritional research and operations. It aims to promote discussion between nutritionists, field workers, academics, INGOs and donors about nutrition in the emergency context.

The Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP) is an international interagency forum. "ALNAP, as a unique sectorwide active-learning membership network, is dedicated to improving the quality and accountability of humanitarian action, by sharing lessons; identifying common problems; and , where appropriate, building consensus on approaches."

International Household Survey Network
The IHSN brings survey producers, sponsors, and users together, to foster better use of survey data for policy making and monitoring. By implementing joint activities, its members seek to identify, promote and implement coordinated and sustainable solutions to problems of availability and timeliness, reliability and relevance, comparability, and dissemination and use of household survey data.

Nutrition Surveys and Calculations
This site contains a software for nutrition baseline surveys and nutritional calculations. It facilitates substantially the realization of a nutrition baseline and contains most calculations which are done in the nutrition and dietetic area. The aim was to make these calculations as user friendly as possible and to keep the software small and easy to install. The program is the english translation of a commercial german software (EBISpro) and is free for non commercial use. It also contains an extensive collection of food databases from all over the world which can be easily integrated into the software. If you find the software useful please don't hesitate to recommend it to other potential users.

2. Management of humanitarian information

Best Practices in Humanitarian Information Exchange

Structured Humanitarian Assistance Reporting (SHARE)
In order to make information from multiple sources "sharable" and usable by other organizations, a simple standard approach should be used when collecting, reporting, and presenting this information. This approach, known as SHARE, is not a new concept and is now being promoted by the inter-agency Geographic Information Support Team (GIST)

Summary document on best practices in humanitarian information exchange, coordinated by UNOCHA, February 2002.

Provention is an interagency organization that is committed to improving the information base for disaster management, with an emphasis on natural disasters. The site maintains a collection of best practice tools related to damage and vulnerability assessment. The ProVention Consortium is a global coalition of governments, international organizations, academic institutions, the private sector, and civil society organizations aimed at reducing disaster impacts in developing countries. The Consortium functions as a network to share knowledge and to connect and leverage resources to reduce disaster risk. It focuses on synergy and coordination so that efforts, and benefits, are shared.
Its main objectives are:

  • To promote a culture of safety through education and training among leaders and citizens of developing countries
  • To support public policy that can reduce the risk of natural and technological disasters within developing countries
  • To support pilot projects and to disseminate information about "best practices" that have been proven to mitigate the scope and frequency of disasters

Aid Workers Network
Aid Workers Network links relief and development field staff to share support, ideas and best practice. The web site is being developed by a team of experienced aid workers to provide a comprehensive resource for busy field workers needing practical advice and proven resources to help with their current work

OCHA Humanitarian Information Center This describes the requirements of the OCHA Humanitarian Information Center and constraints to its application in different countries.

Multi Hazard Multi Purpose Information Exchange Platform
This report describes the specific approaches to be applied in the Horn of Africa. It describes a multi-hazard, multi-purpose information exchange platform. Proposed technical services include:
  • A remote hub service for mirroring, storing and exchanging data
  • Provision of cheap/free web dissemination services, both nationally and internationally·
  • Development of and support to mission-critical database applications
  • Troubleshooting & advisory support on database and GIS design & management
  • Provision (including repackaging and dissemination) of remote sensing data
  • Ad hoc training in areas relating to database and GIS design and management

In order to ensure healthy data exchange and to maximize the facility's outreach, co-ordination and advocacy will be important elements of the activities, including:

  • Soft networking - the development of institutional arrangements for data sharing, building on existing co-ordination structures;
  • Negotiation of minimum common standards for data management, including common codes and shareable formats;
  • Liaison with all the stakeholders, including formal and informal requirements and feedback surveys and other forms of outreach

ReliefWeb is a project of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).


3. Humanitarian Geospatial data

A UN interagency initiative to increase humanitarian geospatial data access in the Horn of Africa. Contact person: Pablo Ricalde, 212-963-9105, Field Information Support Unit, UNOCHA.

The Key Indicators Mapping System (KIMS)  
KIMS was developed by the World Agriculture Information Centre (WAICENT) as a contribution of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to FIVIMS.

KIMS is user-friendly software, accessible to non-GIS specialists and developed for the specific purpose of collecting, mapping and disseminating food insecurity and vulnerability indicators that are relevant to FIVIMS.

KIMS allows the analysis and visual display of data collected at different levels of aggregation, and can help the monitoring and surveillance of the food and nutrition situation over time. Moreover, the software will contribute to increased awareness of FIVIMS and improved food security information management and exchange at national and international levels.


4. Policy

Evidence for Development
EvD works to alleviate poverty by tackling long-standing shortcomings in the design of international development policy.
EvD has developed economic models and analytic tools that provide new insights into intricate and often fragile local economies. These can be used to detail, with precision, the risks behind each investment decision and development policy or programme and to measure the results of development efforts. The tools have been designed to achieve better returns on investments to reduce poverty; to predict and thereby to prevent economic disasters including famine; and to promote accountability by providing a more rigorous basis for evaluation.



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